Thailand has a total area of 513,120 km2, stretching 2515 km from north to south, and 1257 km at the broadest point. The Kingdom borders the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Cambodia and the Gulf of Thailand to the east, Myanmar and the Indian Ocean to the west, and Malaysia to the south.
Thailand has 76 provinces and 4 main regions or ‘paak.’
- The northern region is forested and mountainous, crowned by Mount Inthanon, Thailand’s highest peak, at 2,565 metres. It is home to many of Thailand’s ethnic hill-tribe peoples. Be aware that the north can be particularly cool from October to February.
- The central plains region, the ‘rice bowl of the nation’ is a green and fertile area comprising the delta of the Chao Phraya River. Visitors can float down scenic waterways and enjoy the rhythms of riverside life.
- The north-eastern region (‘Isaan’) is a sandstone tableland. Drier than other parts of Thailand, Isaan is the least touristic part of Thailand, however, travellers who make the journey will enjoy observing silk weaving and working elephants, wide open savannah, peaceful national parks, stunning Khmer temples, and sweeping vistas of farmland… perfect for an epic sunrise.
- The southern region varies from rolling to mountainous terrain, stretching between the Andaman sea and the Gulf of Thailand. It is densely forested and dotted with beautiful islands.
Thailand is generally warm and humid, getting cooler as one moves north. The climate is monsoonal, marked by a rainy season lasting from about April/ May to September/October and a relatively dry season for the rest of the year. Temperatures are highest during March and April and lowest during December and January. The average temperature in Thailand is 28.1o C.
Thailand’s peak tourist season runs from November to late March, with holiday peaks in July and August. If you are prepared to put up with a little rain, the wet season can be a great time to visit Thailand. The weather is quite cool, there are fewer tourists and the landscape is lush and green.