Yangon, the former capital (576 km²) has many peaceful places to visit with a variety of interesting sites such as ancient pagodas, beautiful parks, stunning images & museums. The highlights include: the Shwedagon pagoda, the Sule Pagoda, the Botahtaung Pagoda, the National Museum, Bogyoke Aung San Market, the Myanmar Gems Museum, Htauk Kyant War Cemetery, National Races Villages, and China Town. Shwedagon, is a magnificent gold-encrusted pagoda built over 2,500 years ago which enshrines sacred relics. It is very famous for its amazing architecture, its lavish ornaments of pure gold, and is a very sacred place of worship where you can witness respectfully, the very kitsch, lively and colourful religious practices of the Burmese.
In the National Museum you can learn about Myanmar epigraphy and calligraphy, the prehistoric & proto historic periods, the historic period, Royal Regalia or Royal decorations, Myanmar Traditional Folk Art, Buddha images, and ethnic groups; you can also see the Throne of Myanmar’s Ancient Kings, and miniature models of Mandalay Royal Palace.
Bagan is the former capital of the first Empire located along the east bank of the Ayeyarwaddy and is a UNESCO World Heritage site.
Over 3,000 monuments spread among the vast plain (25 Km²) were erected mostly from the 11th to 13th centuries A.D. by a long line of 55 Kings who ruled over this kingdom. They are now in all stages of decay and many have disappeared. Bagan’s is famous for its lacquer ware, mural paintings, replica art, stone inscriptions, glazed plaques, stucco, and museum.
Popa Mountain Park
See in Natural Heritage
Mandalay is the historical capital of Myanmar culture, Buddhist Sasana & traditional arts & crafts, a city which abounds in ancient sites, cultural monuments & Buddhist edifices. It is the richest historical landmark after Bagan and is now upper Myanmar’s main commercial, educational and health centre. The most attractive places to visit in Mandalay are Maha Myat Muni Pagoda, Mandalay Hill, Kandawgyi Lake, Atumashi Monastery, Mandalay Palace, and Eindawya Pagoda.
The cool hill station of Pyin Oo Lwin is approximately 2 hours drive from Mandalay; at over 1,000 m it enjoys cool & pleasant weather all year round. This flowery city is well known for its colonial era buildings, pine trees, eucalyptus and silver-oaks which abound in the town. National Kandawgyi Gardens & Landmarks Garden, Pwe Kauk waterfall, Dat Daw Chaing waterfall, and the fantastic Peik Chin Myaung cave are all places to visit.
Founded in 1433, Mrauk U also known as “Myohaung” meaning the ancient city was once a very powerful kingdom. Today, 70 known ruins of pagodas have been identified but many remain to be named. The major attractions are the Royal Palace, Shittaung pagoda, Koetaung pagoda, Andaw pagoda, Yadanabon pagoda, Dukkanthein, Pitakataik, Sakkyamanaung.