The country covers an area of 677,000 square kilometres (261,228 square miles). Myanmar is situated in South-east Asia and is bordered on the north and north-east by China, on the east and south-east by Laos and Thailand, on the south by the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal, and on the west by Bangladesh and India.

The total coastline length from the mouth of the Naaf River to Kawthoung is 2216 km.

It is a land of hills and valleys and is rimmed in the north, east and west by mountain ranges forming a giant horseshoe. Enclosed within the mountain barriers are the valleys of three major rivers where most of the country’s agricultural land and population are concentrated; the Ayeyarwady river (2170 km) navigable on 1500 km, the Chindwin river (965 km) navigable on 180 km in the dry season, 610 km during the monsoon, and the Thanlwin (Salween) river (2815 km) navigable on 160 km.

Myanmar enjoys a tropical climate, with three seasons;

The cool season runs from mid-October to mid-February, when milder temperatures in most areas may drop to very cold ones in the highlands in December and January.

Summer is from mid-February to mid-May, when temperatures in many parts of the country often exceed 40°C.

Torrential deluges are common during the rainy season, from mid-May to mid-October. But the rainy season can be a good time to visit Mandalay, Bagan, and other destinations in central Myanmar as it does not receive as much rain as some other parts of the country.


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