Visa, Gateways & Border crossings
All visitors entering Laos must possess valid passports. Visas can be obtained for 30 days from Lao Embassies and Consulates abroad, or on arrival at international border checkpoints. The visa fee varies from US$20 to 45 depending on your citizenship. It requires a passport valid 6 months and two photos. It is possible to extend the visa at the Immigration office in Vientiane and through travel agencies.
An additional 1 USD/person can be charged if you arrive on a weekend, public holiday or after usual working hours.
Laos has four international airports in Vientiane, Pakse, Savannakhet, and Luang Prabang which are connected to most Asian regional capitals. Lao Airlines flies to most of them and serves as well the domestic routes connecting to major destinations in the country. All airport taxes are now included into the flight ticket price.
Laos shares overland borders with Myanmar and China to the north, Thailand to the west, Cambodia to the south and Viet Nam to the east.
Cambodia – Laos
- Pra Preng Krian – Nong Nok Khian, Cambodia to Champassak Province
- Mohan-Boten, Yunnan to Luang namtha Province
- Xiangkok riverport on Mekong River in Luang Namtha Province (no visa on arrival)
Myanmar – Laos
- Vangpung – Ban Mom, Thachilek to Bokeo Province (no visa on arrival)
Thailand – Laos
- Chiangkhong – Houixay, Chiang Rao to Bokeo Province.
- Houi Koln – Nam Ngeun, Nan to Sayabouly Province
- Nakaxeng – Kaenthao, Loei to Sayabouly Province
- Lao- Thai Friendship Bridge I, Nongkhay – Vientiane Capital
- Bungkan – Pakxan, Nongkhay – Bolikhamxay Province (no visa on arrival)
- Nakorn Phanom – Khammouane Province
- Lao – Thai Frienship Bridge II, Moukdahan – Savannakhet
- Chongmek – Vangtao, Ubon Ratchathani to Champasak Province
Viet Nam – Laos
- Taichang – Sobhoun, Laichau to Phongsaly Province (no visa on arrival)
- Nameo – Nam Soy, Thanh Hoa to Huaphanh Province.
- Namkan – Namkan, Nge An to Xieng Khouang Province.
- Cau Treo – Namphao (Lak Sao), Ha Tinh to Bolikhamxay Province (no visa on arrival).
- Chalo Naphao, Quangbinh to Khammouane Province (no visa on arrival).
- Laobao – Dansavanh, Quang Tri to Savannakhet Province.
GMT + 7
Offices are usually open from Monday to Friday from 8:00am until 4:00pm and often close for lunch between 12:00 and 2:00pm. Shops open from Monday to Saturday between 9:00am and 5:00pm and some also open on Sunday (during Public Holidays as well as celebrations such as Chinese New Year, most businesses are closed).
The kip is the currency unit of Laos, count approximately 8,000 kips to one US$. Other currencies such as Euros and Thai baht are also accepted in many places, but keep kips for smaller purchases.
Banks, hotels, and jewellery shops all offer currency exchange. Banks are open Monday to Friday from 08:00 to 12:00 and 2:00 to 3:00pm. In major towns you can find ATMs to withdraw money (only Lao kips with a maximum 5,000,000 per day). Most ATMs have an English language version.
Visa and Master cards are now accepted in main hotels in Vientiane and Luang Prabang, and in some large item shops, but few restaurants and bars accept them.
Post & internet, electricity
Stamps are available from post offices and some hotel reception desks. DHL, FedEx are present in Vientiane. Internet access is available in all major places and there is no restriction to any site.
Lao uses 220V, 24 hours a day. Power outlets usually feature two-prong round or flat sockets, however, there is no set standard. It is recommended to bring a universal plug adaptor.
Health & safety
Laos is generally a safe country. Nevertheless and as a global rule, never leave your belongings unattended and always maintain a firm grip on cameras and shoulder bags.
No vaccinations are required except for yellow fever if you are coming from an area where the disease is present. However visitors should be inoculated against typhoid, cholera, hepatitis A & B, tetanus and polio. Travellers may be exposed to mosquito borne diseases; malaria in border areas and forests, dengue fever in cities in the day time; use mosquito nets and protect yourself night and day by using mosquito repellent, and by wearing light, long-sleeved clothing in infested areas.
Medical facilities are rather limited in Laos, it is essential to take out a good medical insurance policy before travelling in case evacuation is needed (usually to Bangkok or Singapore). If you are on any medication, bring your supply of pills.
Laos is sunny year-round and we highly recommend bringing sun protection and wearing a hat to avoid heatstroke and sunburn.
Fire: 190 ; Police: 191; Ambulance: 195
Mahosot International Clinic: 021 214 022
Setthathirat Hospital: 021 351 156/ 021 351 158
Friendship Hospital: 021 413 302
French Medical Centre: 021 214 150/ 020 56 55 47 94
Australian Clinic: 021 353 800
Nongkhai: Wattana Hospital, 0066 42 465 201 – Public Hospital, Nongkhai: 0066 42 461 088
Udonthani: Wattana Hospital, 0066 42 241 031 – AEK Udon Hospital, Udonthani: 0066 42 342 555
Bangkok: Bumrungrad Hospital, 0066 2 667 1000 –Bangkok Nursing Home (BNH), 0066 2 686 2700 – Bangkok General Hospital, 0066 2 318 0066
Ecotourism in Laos: www.ecotourismlaos.com
Lao National Tourism Administration: www.tourismlaos.org ;
Virtual tour of Laos: www.unbelievablelaos.com
Cultural profile: www.culturalprofiles.net/laos
Vientiane Times: www.vientianetimes.org.la
See the Provincial Tourism Offices